Munger Fort, Bihar: History, Architecture, How To Visit, Full Details

Munger Fort, Bihar: History, Architecture, How To Visit, Full Details

Munger Fort is another beautiful fort located in Bihar. This fort is a must-visit because of its architecture and location. If you are coming to Bihar, you should visit Munger Fort which is located in Munger.

In this article, we will talk about the famous Munger Fort. You will also know about the history and architecture of this place and how to visit this place.


Munger fort, located in Munger (also known as Monghir during the British Raj), is built on a rocky hill on the southern bank of the river Ganga, in the state of Bihar, India. Its history is not entirely dated, but it is believed that it was built during the early rule of the Slave dynasty of India.

Munger city, where the fort is located, was under the control of Delhi’s king Muhammad bin Tughlaq (1325-1351 CE). There are two major hills of the fort called Karanchora or Karanchora, and the other is a built rectangular mound, the location of the fort’s heartland with historical links.

The Fort was followed by Muslim rulers (Vajis, Tughlak, Lodi, Nawab of Bengal, Mughal rulers, until finally the British were charged by Mir Qasim (1760–1772), after his father-in-awakened Mirage negotiated for the monetary prize by Jaffar, Vancirt, on an old-fashioned basis. The deal included payments by traders of an auditorium duty of 9 per cent by merchants of the East India Company, against the duty of 40% of an Indian businessman.

The fort has many religious and historical monuments such as Pir Shah Nufa (the demise of 1497), Shah Suja’s Palace, Mullah Muhammad Saeed’s Tomb (1704 AD). Pu. ), Kashtrahini Ghat on river Ganga, Chandithna (ancient temple) and 18th-century British cemetery. In recent times, a famous school of yoga has been established here.

History Of The Fort

The history of the fort has been explored from 1330 A.D. under the rule of Muhammad bin Tughlak of Delhi. But its ancient history, as a city that was mostly ruled by Hindu kings, initially reveals Chandragupta Maurya (4th century BC) from a stone inscription, (after which it was initially called Gupta Garg) and later in the kingdom of Anga whose capital was in Champa near Bhagalpur, and Pal was king in the 9th century AD.

This is one of the most beautiful forts of Bihar.

Architecture Of Munger Fort

Like other forts of Bihar, Fort of Munger is also beautifully designed and there are many interesting facts about this fort.

Basic Architecture

Under Mughal rule, the fort was expanded as a strong military fortification. The fort was an impressive structure with huge gates, one of which had a strong fortification with square towers with a deep trench. The trench in the width around the land of the fort was 175 feet (53 m), thus making it strategically formidable. It opens to the river Ganga (which is 2 kilometres (1.2 miles) wide from here but is only crossed by boats), thus increasing the security of the fort.

The fort is spread over rocky hills in an area of 222 acres (90 hectares), with a peripheral length of 2 miles (4.0 km). The fort has 4 feet (1.2 m) thick inner walls, while the outer walls are 12 feet (3.7 m) thick, fortifications, which are 30 feet (9.1 m) thick.

The space with a gap of 14 feet (4.3 m) between the interior and outer walls is filled with earth. The river Ganga is located in the west, the walls of the fort and partly in the north. On the land side, there is a 175 feet (53 m) wide trench, which serves to protect the fortresses. There are four entrances with ramparts within the octagonal fort. The main gate, called the red door, is still in good shape, even though the rest of the fort mostly ruins. This gate has a carved stone, which belongs to a Hindu or Buddhist structure.

Other Monuments in the Fort

Originally from Persia origin, Pir Shah Nufa was a Sufi saint who was sent to Munger by his guru Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti of Ajmer. His death was a.h. 596 (1177 E. ) which is located near the ramparts of the fort near the southern gate.

It was built over an area of 100 feet (30 m) square around the earth’s 25 feet (7.6 m) high pile (as being the ruins of the former Hindu or Buddhist structure), supporting all circles. The carved stones of these ancient temples were made from pores and sediments, with the belief that such disinfestation would cure some diseases of children. A domed tomb room of 16 feet (4.9 m) square with a circular tomb, a prayer room and a restroom are also attached. Some ruins of ancient Hindu temples are also seen in the vicinity of this tomb.

School Of Yoga Established

The Bihar School of Yoga, established by Swami Satyananda Saraswati in 1964 to establish traditional yoga teachings to the world, is inside Munger Fort.

Apart from providing spiritual instructions to the candidates, the school undertakes yoga projects and medical research in collaboration with other agencies. It is the world’s first yoga university and a deemed university. It attracts students from all over the world. Around 400 Australians, Americans and others register for yoga courses every year, this figure continues to rise.

How To Visit Munger Fort?

Munger Fort and Munger City are well connected by road, rail and air communication through Patna, the capital of Bihar. Patna is connected by air to all major cities of India. It has a very good network of rail and road connectivity with all major cities of the country. The distance from Patna to Munger Road is 173 km (107 miles).

The river Ganga, which has been declared as National Waterway 1, flows on the south bank of Munger city. It stretches from Varanasi in Uttar Pradesh to Kolkata in West Bengal. On the route, the cities of Bhagalpur, Munger, Patna and Buxar are included.

A tourist cruise service authorized under a Memorandum of Understanding with the Inland Waterways Authority (IWAI) has recently been launched to cover this shipping route for travel to several tourist destinations including Munger Fort.

Final Words

This fort is very beautiful and there are many other monuments in this fort which cannot be missed. These forts are the treasure of India and the people and the government should take care of this.

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