If you are a lover of forts, then you must have heard about Mehrangarh fort of Rajasthan. This is one of the largest and the strongest forts of India. Fort lovers must visit this place at least once.
Today, we will talk about this fort in detail. You will know all the details about this fort, like its history, architecture, how to visit this place and much more.
Mehrangarh or Mehan Fort is located in Jodhpur in Rajasthan, which is one of the largest forts in India. Built-in about 1459 by Rao Jodha, the fort is located at a distance of 410 feet (125 m) from the city and is built by planting thick walls.
Inside its borders are many castles known for its intricate carvings and spacious courtyards. A winding road leads down the city side and downwards. The impact of the guns attacked the armies of Jaipur can still be seen at the second gate. On the left side of the fort, there is Kirat Singh Soda’s chhatri, which fell on the spot while protecting Mehrangarh.
History Of The Fort
The chief of the Rathore dynasty Rao Jodha is credited with the genesis of Jodhpur in India. He established Jodhpur as the capital of Marwar (Mandor was the last capital) in 1459. He was one of the 24 sons of Ranmal and became the fifteenth Rathore ruler.
A year after arriving at the throne, Jodha decided to transfer his capital to a safe place in Jodhpur, as a thousand-year-old Mandor fort was no longer supposed to provide adequate security.
With the credible help of Rao Nara (son of Rao Samra), the Mewar Army was buried in the Mandor. With him, Rao Jodha gave Rao Nara the title of Diwan. With the help of Rao Nara, the foundation of the fort was laid on 12 May 1459 by Jodha on a rocky hill at 9 kilometres (5.6 miles) south of Mandor.
Story Behind The Hills
This hill is known as Bhakurcheriya, which is a mountain of birds. According to legend to build the fort, he had to displace the only human living person of the hill, a preacher named Chiria Nathji, the owner of the birds.
Chetriya Nathji was a person with a local population as his followers and was therefore influential in the region. He categorically refused when he was requested to transfer. It happened many times. Thereafter, Rao Jodha took a lot of measures and sought help from Shri Karni Mata, a woman warrior and a powerful saint.
Architecture Of The Fort
Major Gates Of The Fort
There are many gates in the fort. But the entrance to the fort, however, is derived from a series of seven gates. The most famous gates are:
- Jai Pol
This gate was built by Maharaja Man Singh in 1806 to celebrate his victory in the war with Jaipur and Bikaner.
- Fateh Pol
This gate was built in 1707 to celebrate victory over the Mughals.
- Dedh Kamagra Pole
This gate is very special because it still tolerates the scars of bombardment from cannon shells.
- Iron pole
This is the last gate in the main part of the fort’s premises. On the immediate left, there are the hand marks of the Queens (Sati mark), who immersed themselves on the pyre of her husband Maharaja Man Singh’s funeral in 1843.
Palaces In This Fort
There are many magnificently fabricated and decorated palaces within the fort. These include:
- Moti Mahal (Pearl Palace)
- Flower Palace (Flower Palace)
- Glass Palace (Mirror Palace)
- Silah Khana
- Daulat Khana
The museum has a collection of sedans, Howards, royal cradles, miniatures, musical instruments, costumes and furniture. The ramparts of the fort’s house preserved the old cannon (including the famous Kilkila), and provided a breath-taking view of the city.
Special Things In The Gallery Of The Fort
- Elephant’s Howada
Howada was a type of two-compartment wooden seat (mostly covered with gold and silver-covered sheets), fastened to the elephant’s back. The front leg, with more leg space and a raised protective metal sheet, was for kings or royalty, and the rear was a small one for a reliable bodyguard disguised as a fly-whisk attendant.
Palanquins were a popular means of travel and circumference for elite women until the second quarter of the 20th century. They were also used by male nobility and royals on special occasions.
- Daulat Khana – Treasure of Mehrangarh Museum
The gallery showcases one of the most important and best-preserved collections of fine and applied arts of the Mughal period of Indian history, during which the Rathore rulers of Jodhpur maintained close ties with the Mughal emperors. It also has the remains of Emperor Akbar.
- Arms Storage
This gallery displays a rare collection of armour from every time in Jodhpur. On display there are sword straps in jade, silver, rhino horn, ivory, studded with rubies, emeralds and beads and gold and silver sheets on the barrel. The gallery also has personal swords of many emperors, including excellent historical pieces like Rao Jodha’s Kanda, weighing more than 3 kg, Akbar’s sword of the great and Timur’s sword.
- Pictures Collection
This is a collection of the best pictures of the time of the kingdom.
- Turban Gallery
The Turban Gallery at Mehrangarh Museum seeks to preserve, document and display several different types of turbans at once prevalent in Rajasthan; Every community, region, and the festival had its own head-gear.
How To Visit
Mehrangarh fort is located in the middle of Jodhpur. Jodhpur can be reached easily reached by the means of bus, train and aeroplane. And from there, you can take any taxi and ask them to take you to the fort.
This is a very beautiful fort. Even if you are not a big fan of forts, then also you will love this one. This is a very beautiful fort and you must visit this at least once in your lifetime.