Jagdishpur Fort, Bihar: History, Glory, How To Visit

Jagdishpur Fort, Bihar: History, Glory, How To Visit

Jagdishpur fort is another beautiful place to visit in Bihar. This fort was owned the king Veer Kunwar. This king was famous for his good rule which brought peace and prosperity in the society. This fort is big and beautiful.

In this article, we will talk about the history of this fort. I will also tell you about the architecture of this fort and how you can visit this fort.

Introduction: Jagdishpur Fort

Jagdishpur Estate was a zamindari estate located in the erstwhile Shahabad district (now in Arhar) in modern Bihar, India. The centre of the property was Jagdishpur city but the property also covered neighbouring cities and villages. The property was also protected by a fortress.


Jagdishpur Estate was ruled by a branch of Ujjania Rajputs. These ujjanis claimed the offspring from the Parmara dynasty of Malwa and the Bhojpur area of Bihar was named after The Parmara Raja, Raja Bhoj.

Sujan Urchin, who was the son of ardent Porcupine Singh, lived in Jagdishpur in 1702. After being killed by the retainers of the Governors of Bihar, he was succeeded by his son Udwant Singh, who was trained as an armed and skilled administrator.

Udwant Singh expanded his territories by attacking neighbouring cities and villages controlled by neighbouring landowners. Hearing this, the governor of Bihar, Fakhradaula, attacked Jagdishpur, but Udwant Singh defeated him. Udwant Singh also encouraged the ujjanis to eat pork so that they could convert to Islam. In his court, he patronised the poet, Molly Poet, who compiled the book of Udwant Prakash in 1747. After a lot of struggle and many years of struggle, Jagwantpur was finally subdued by the Mughals after the death of Udwant Singh.

In the 18th century led by Dalpat Shahi, Jagdishpur became the major military stronghold of the Ujjania clan. The Mughal sources at that time show that the cavalry was an elite of Jagdishpur army and was considered better than the infantry.

Jagdishpur Fort In 1857 Revolt

During Kunwar Singh’s rule, the property participated in the Indian uprising of 1857. Kunwar Singh was led to revolt after financial difficulties caused by high revenue demand and family litigation by British authorities. The British also tried to manage the property.

As a result, Kunwar Singh (who was 80 years old at that time) decided to join the insurgency and was considered as the leader of the insurgency in Bihar. His brother Babu Amar Singh and his general Hare Krishna Singh helped him. After some initial success, Kunwar Singh and his armies were eventually expelled from Jagdishpur by the British.

A year later, Kunwar Singh died and the rebellion was led by his brother, who was eventually captured and hanged. Because of these incidents, many people have been given Kunwar Singh the title “The Greatest of All Times”.

Details Of The Fort

Now, we will talk about some of the basic details of the fort.

Recreation Of The Fort

When the decision to recreate this fort was taken in the year 2005, this fort was in a very bad condition. The Bihar government decided to renovate it fully to attract tourists to this place.

After that, the fort completely changed and now nothing is like the earlier fort. The sad thing is that a part of this fort has been captured by some people who claim that it is their private property now. Another part of this fort has been converted to ‘Veer Kunwar Singh’ memorial.

In this part, memories of Kunwar Singh has been preserved. Rest of properties are under government control now.

Number Of Visitors Visiting This Fort

Even after poor recreation and poor maintenance, many people come to visit this fort from time to time. This fort records about 200-300 visitors per month which is a good number of people.

If the government makes an effort, it is clear that many more people would love to visit this place.

A Place Where Glory Of Veer Kunwar Shines

In the year 1857, when the first freedom struggle started, Veer Kunwar was 80 years old. At this age, people often want to lead a comfortable life and Veer Kunwar Singh had also the option to do this. But he was determined to fight against the British by accompanying his fighter brothers in the war.

The spirit of patriotism in his heart was immeasurable. He immediately united his power and took the front against the English army. He, along with his soldiers and some companions, first abolished the English hegemony from Ara district.

How Veer Kunwar Singh Proved He Is A Hero

Next time when English people attacked Veer Kunwar Singh with double strength, he had to leave his hometown. But, instead of getting sad, he took this as an opportunity. He visited several other places including Mirzapur, Banaras, Ayodhya, Lucknow, Faizabad, Rewa, Banda, Kalpi, Ghazipur, Banspadih, Sikandarpur, Manier and Ballia to further strengthen the agitation. There he organized new colleagues and inspired them to face the British.

This all hard work paid him and he had defeated the British 7 times with his unique war policy. After defeating the British at Bhojpur, Veer Kunwar turned to Kanpur where he joined Tatya Tope and Nana Saheb. Even in this war, Kunwar Saheb’s heroism impressed everyone. However, every time he was conquered, the English rule again attacked with all its power and took back its possession. But the fear of Veer Kunwar was in his heart. The officers wanted to get rid of them at the earliest.

Veer Kunwar is said to have changed his policy in every war. Once his army retreated with the British invasion and the British thought they had won. But it was veer Kunwar’s war policy because when the British Army was celebrating its victory, they suddenly invaded. The attack did not even give a chance to the British soldiers. Similarly, every time a new policy blew the senses of the British.

After the War of Azamgarh, Babu Kunwar Singh reached Mannohar village in Ghazipur on April 20, 1858. From there, he proceeded to Jagdishpur on the 22nd of April through the river route. He also had some companions on the journey. The news was conveyed to the British by a traitor.

The British Army took advantage of the occasion and started firing at them in the river in the darkness of night. Their soldiers were less than the British, but Veer Kunwar was not at all frightened. He fought the British with all his strength. In this encounter, a bullet came into his right hand, but his sword did not stop. After some time, when he felt that the poison of the bullet was spreading into the body, the brave son cut his hand and threw it into the river.

How To Visit

People can easily visit this fort. The roads leading to this fort are very good and neat. You just have to come to Bhojpur district and after that, you need to train to Arrah. You can come directly to Arrah district and come here via taxi or bus because it is 30 km from Arrah district.

Final Notes

You can visit this fort, but you must keep this in mind that this fort does not look like a fort after recreation. It has been made like a museum and also some parts of it has been built into a museum.

This is not like Rohtasgarh Fort of Bihar, but it can be visited one time.

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